Fluoride is the most effective agent available to help prevent tooth decay. It is a mineral that is naturally present in varying amounts in almost all foods and water supplies. The benefits of fluoride have been well known for over fifty years and are recommended by many health and professional organizations.
Fluoride works in two ways
Topical fluoride strengthens the teeth once they have erupted by seeping into the outer surface of the tooth enamel, making the teeth more resistant to decay. We get topical fluoride from dental products such as toothpaste, mouth rinses, and gels that contain fluoride. Dentists and dental hygienists generally recommend that children have a professional application of fluoride twice a year during dental checkups.
Systemic fluoride strengthens the teeth that have erupted--as well as those that are developing under the gums. Fluoride is found in most foods and our community water supplies. It is also available as a supplement in liquid or gel form and can be prescribed by your dentist or physician. Generally fluoride drops are recommended for infants and tablets for children up through the teen years. It is very important to monitor the amounts of fluoride a child ingests. If too much fluoride is consumed while the teeth are developing, a condition called fluorosis (white spots on the teeth) may result.
Although most people get fluoride from food and water, sometimes it is not enough to help prevent decay. Your dentist or dental hygienist may recommend the use of home and/or professional fluoride treatments for the following reasons:
Deep pits and fissures on the chewing surfaces of the teeth
Exposed and sensitive root surfaces
Fair to poor oral hygiene habits
Frequent sugar and carbohydrate intake
Inadequate exposure to fluorides
Inadequate saliva flow due to medical conditions, medical treatments, or medications
Recent history of dental decay
Remember, fluoride alone will not prevent tooth decay. It is important to brush at least twice a day, floss regularly, eat balanced meals, reduce sugary snacks, and visit your dentist on a regular basis.